Although Canada may not very well-known, we have found that there are more important people that what we previously thought.

The following are some of the most important ones in different aspects of life.

This task has been done by Óscar Plumariega, Alexis A. Gómez, Verónica Ramos and Óscar Gutiérrez.


     Robert Alexander Mundell 
Robert Alexander Mundell, is a Nobel Prize-winning Canadian economist. Mundell is a professor of economics at Columbia University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
He was born in Kingston, Canada. He studied at the British Columbia University. He attended MIT in USA and then the London School of Economics, where he completed his education. In 1956 he received a doctorate at MIT, where he presented his thesis about international money movements.
He taught in Columbia University and in the School of Advanced International Studies, in both places as economist.
In  2005 he received the “Global Economist” award from the Institute of World Economics in Kiel, Germany.

His work on optimum currency areas is considered the basic framework in which The Euro area was built. The basic idea of his thesis is: “Any particular region inside a currency area, if you want to maintain a level of employ, real salaries should be reduced or should promove the mobility of the labor factor”


     Coco Rocha 

Mikhaila Rocha was born on 1988 in Toronto, Canada. She is a Canadian model known as Coco Rocha.
In 2002, agent Charles Stuart approached Rocha at an Irish dance competition and asked her if she would consider modelling for him. At that point, she had never thought of modelling before. When she began to model, her knowledge of fashion was very limited and she eventually gained insight into the fashion world after her best friends crammed in fashion study sessions in between studying for exams.
Her breakthrough came in January 2006, when she opened the Christian Lacroixcouture show in Paris. After signing an exclusive contract with photographer Steven Meisel, she appeared in an editorial with Gemma Ward and Amanda Moore and landed the cover of the April 2006 issue of Vogue Italia.
in February 2007, Rocha opened Jean Paul Gaultier's Scottish Highlands-inspired Fall/Winter 2007 show by Irish-dancing down the runway; American Vogue dubbed this the "Coco Moment" and suggested it as a sign that the fashion industry misses the "supermodels".
Rocha has been on the covers of many top fashion magazines including American, Brazilian, Italian, Japanese, Korean and Spanish Vogue, Flare, Fashion, Numéro, French, Harper's Bazaar, Dazed & Confused, i-D, Time Style & Design, among others.
Rocha hosted the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards white carpet. On October 19, 2011 she appeared as a guest judge on America's Next Top Model, where host and head judge Tyra Banks referred to her as "The Queen of Posing". The short documentary Letters to Haiti featured Rocha and fellow model Behati Prinsloo delivering supplies to Haiti after the 2010 earthquake; it was shot by Rocha's husband, James Conran. The movie premiered in Toronto in October and New York in December 2011.
In October 2010, Coco Rocha was given Marie Claire's Prix d’Excellence as their model of the year at a ceremony in Paris. In November 2010, Rocha was awarded the Seventeen Body Peace award by Seventeen magazine. Rocha had contributed a number of articles to Seventeen on the topic of girls' body image and self-esteem. On February 14, 2011 Coco was awarded the Elle Style award for 'Model of the Year' by Boy George in London. On June 16, 2011, Coco Rocha and husband James Conran both received awards for their philanthropic work at the Pay It Fashion Forward event in Manhattan, NY. In 2012, Vogue Paris declared her one of the top 30 models of the 2000s.
On February 1, 2014, Rocha was awarded the "Model of the Year Award" at the Canadian Arts and Fashion Awards in Toronto, Canada. On April 24, 2014 she will receive the prestigious Vienna Fashion Award as Style Icon at a lavish ceremony at Vienna's Museumsquartier.

     Linda Evangelista 

Linda Evangelista (born May 10, 1965) is a Canadian model. She is one of the most accomplished and influential models of all time and has been featured on over 700 magazine covers. Evangelista is mostly known for being the longtime muse of photographer Steven Meisel as well as for coining the phrase "We don't wake up for less than $10,000 a day." She holds the record for her multiple appearances on the cover of Vogue Italia, all of which were photographed by Meisel. Described as the "chameleon" of the fashion industry, and as a key  figure among the five supermodels, Evangelista was one of the most famous women in the world during the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s. Unlike her colleagues, she chose not to diversify into other ventures outside of modeling. She retired from her career in 1998 and made a comeback three years later, this time working only sporadically. Her achievements as a model led to her being voted as "the greatest supermodel of all time" by the viewers of the show Fashion File in 2008.
Evangelista attended a self-improvement school at the age of 12 where she was taught things such as poise and etiquette and she was advised to attend a modeling course. As a teenager, Evangelista started modeling locally in her hometown. In 1981, she took part in the Miss Teen Niagara beauty pageant. And while she did not win the pageant, her presence caught the eye of a representative from Elite Model Management.
At the age of 16, she flew to Japan to model there, but an unpleasant experience involving nudity during a modeling assignment made her want to stop modeling altogether. She returned home to Canada, and two years went by before she decided to try her hand again at modeling.
Evangelista moved to New York City in 1984 upon signing with Elite, where she met the prominent modeling agent John Casablancas, who compared her likeness to the model Joan Severance. Elite then moved her to Paris, France, where she launched her international high-fashion career at the age of 19.
Evangelista is an activist for HIV/AIDS research as well as for breast cancer awareness. She was one of the icons in the Viva Glam campaign for the Mac AIDS Fund. In October 2013, she was the host of amfAR's Inaugural Inspiration Gala in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
In 1996, she was the recipient of VH1's Fashion Awards Lifetime Achievement Award which was presented to her by Anna Wintour, editor-in-chief of Vogue. In June 2003, she received a star on Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto. In 2005, she was named as a World Fashion Icon by the Women's World Awards in Leipzig, Germany. In March 2008, she was chosen as "the greatest supermodel of all time" by a viewer poll for the CBC Television show Fashion File.

     Leyla Milani 

Leyla Milani Khoshbin was born on 1982 in Toronto to Iranian parents, and married to Persian/Iranian Entrepreneur Real Estate Investor/Author, Manny Khoshbin. She is a Canadian model, actress, TV host and entrepreneur.
Milani was a contestant in the 2005 WWE Diva Search, finishing second out of 8,000 contestants worldwide. Following that, she made an appearance at Pro Wrestling Guerrilla After School Special. After appearing in the WWE Diva Search, she began using the stage name Leyla Milani.
Milani is the former co-host of Jimmy Hart's all-women wrestling show, Wrestlicious TakeDown which debuted March 1, 2010. She was replaced by Brooke Lynn on the March 31, 2010 episode, because of scheduling conflicts.
Milani was a model on NBC's prime-time game show Deal or No Deal from 2006 to 2009. She was best known for her "lioness-like" mane. She held case #13 since the beginning of the show. Although 13 is usually considered the unluckiest of numbers, she was often referred to on the show as "Lucky Leyla" or "Lucky 13," as many times her case contained 6 digit amounts and in eight instances contained the $1,000,000 top prize. Nonetheless, NBC once opened the show noting that by holding all the large amounts and not being picked at the beginning, case #13 was very unlucky during most of the first season. On at least one occasion during the second season, case #13 contained a seven-figure prize.
Milani and her fellow Deal or No Deal models won a Game Show Network Award for "Favorite TV Models." On June 6, 2009, Milani and 4 other models accepted this award on GSN. Deal or No Deal also won The People's Choice Award two years in a row for Favorite Game Show.
Milani made an appearance on the Style Network's show, Split Ends, and on a celebrity episode of GSN's game show Catch 21, alongside fellow DOND models Patricia Kara and Marisa Petroro. She announced on this show the launch of her own hair extension line, Milani Hair, due out early 2010.
Milani has made multiple appearances on the Fox News' conservative satire show The Half Hour News Hour and Redeye as a celebrity looking for a charity to support. She hosted FOX Sport Net's Celebrity Golf tournament as well as Fuel TV'S motorsport show, M80. Milani made a cameo appearance on LOGO channel series Noah's Arc as a woman applying for a job. She has also appeared on MTV's True Life: I'm A TV Star, and My Fair Brady.
     Gabriel Aubry 

Gabriel Eugène Aubry (born August 30, 1975) is a Canadian model. Born in Montreal, Quebec to French-Canadian parents, Aubry is one of nine siblings.
He has modeled for Tommy Hilfiger, Gianni Versace, Calvin Klein, DKNY, Valentino, Trussardi, Nautica, Exte, Joop, Massimo Dutti and Next. He is signed to Wilhelmina Models in New York City and Beatrice Model agency in Milan, Italy.
 He appeared in a Macy's commercial in early 2008 as part of an exclusivity with Calvin Klein alongside Mariah Carey, Martha Stewart, Donald Trump and Carlos Santana. He was the only male model to ever appear on the cover of L'Uomo Vogue while appearing in four different designers' campaigns at the same time, in the same magazine. Aubry has been listed on People Magazine's Most Beautiful People List. He is one of the top earning male models in the modeling industry.
Aubry owned a restaurant called Cafe Fuego, located in the East Village of Manhattan on trendy St. Mark's Place. In 2008, he released an album Cafe Fuego Vol. 1, which he produced. He plays guitar on some of the tracks.


     Robert Hare 

Robert D. Hare, C.M. (born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 1934), is a researcher in the field of criminal psychology. He developed the Hare Psychopathy Checklist (PCL-Revised), used to assess cases of psychopathy. Hare advises the FBI's Child Abduction and Serial Murder Investigative Resources Center (CASMIRC) and consults for various British and North American prison services.
Hare received his Ph.D. in experimental psychology at University of Western Ontario (1963). He is professor emeritus of the University of British Columbia where his studies center on psychopathology and psychophysiology. He was invested as a Member of the Order of Canada on December 30, 2010.
His research led him to The Mask of Sanity by American psychiatrist Hervey M. Cleckley, which played a pivotal role in the concept of psychopathy he applied and developed.
In the 1970s he published Psychopathy: Theory and Research, summarizing the state of the field, and became internationally influential in reviving and shaping the concept.
Hare's research on the causes of psychopathy focused initially on whether such persons show abnormal patterns of anticipation or response (such as low levels of anxiety or high impulsiveness) to aversive stimuli ('punishments' such as mild but painful electric shocks) or pleasant stimuli ('rewards', such as a slide of a naked body).
Hare wrote a popular science bestseller published in 1993 entitled Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us (reissued 1999). He describes psychopaths as 'social predators', while pointing out that most don't commit murder.
Hare also co-authored the bestselling Snakes in Suits: When Psychopaths Go to Work (2006) with organizational psychologist and human resources consultant Paul Babiak, is a portrayal of the disruptions caused when psychopaths enter the workplace.
Hare appeared for several minutes in the 2003/4 award-winning documentary film The Corporation, discussing whether his criteria for psychopathy could be said to apply to modern business as a legal personality, appearing to conclude that many of them would apply by definition.

     Steve Mann 

Steve Mann was born on 1962 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. He is a researcher and inventor best known for his work on computational photography, particularly wearable computing and high dynamic range imaging.
Mann holds a PhD in Media Arts (1997) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a B.Sc., B.Eng. and M.Eng. from McMaster University in 1987,1989 and 1992, respectively. He was also inducted into the McMaster University Alumni Hall of Fame, Alumni Gallery 2004, in recognition of his career as an inventor and teacher. While at MIT, in then Director Nicholas Negroponte's words "Steve Mann ... brought the seed" that founded the Wearable Computing group in the Media Lab and "Steve Mann is the perfect example of someone ... who persisted in his vision and ended up founding a new discipline." In 2004 he was named the recipient of the 2004 Leonardo Award for Excellence for his article "Existential Technology," published in Leonardo 36:1.
He is also General Chair of the IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society, Associate Editor of IEEE Technology and Society, is a licensed Professional Engineer, and Senior Member of the IEEE.
Many of Mann's inventions pertain to the field of computational photography:
Chirplet transform, Video Orbits, Comparametric Equations, Integral kinematics and integral kinesiology, Hydraulophone, Natural User Interface, Scratch input, an acoustic-based method of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) that takes advantage of the characteristic sound produced when a finger nail, stick, or other object strikes or is dragged over a surface, such as a table or wall, Telepointer, Sensory Singularity, Sousveillance and cyborg-logging, Surveilluminescent wand.
Mann has been referred to as the "father of wearable computing", having created the first general-purpose wearable computer, in contrast to previous wearable devices that perform one specific function such as time-keeping (e.g. wristwatch), calculations (e.g. wearable abacus), such as Edward O. Thorp and Claude Shannon's, timing devices concealed in shoes cigarette packs for cheating at a game of roulette.

     Sidney Altman 

Sidney Altman was born on 1939 in Montreal, Canada, and he  is a Canadian and American molecular biologist, who is the Sterling Professor of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology and Chemistry at Yale University. In 1989 he shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Thomas R. Cech for their work on the catalytic properties of RNA.
As Altman reached adulthood, the family's financial situation had become secure enough that he was able to pursue a college education. He went to the United States to study physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. While at MIT, he was a member of the ice hockey team. After achieving his bachelor's degree from MIT in 1960, Altman spent 18 months as a graduate student in physics at Columbia University. Due to personal concerns and the lack of opportunity for beginning graduate students to participate in laboratory work, he left the program without completing the degree. Some months later, he enrolled as a graduate student in biophysics at the University of Colorado Medical Center. His project was a study of the effects of acridines on the replication of bacteriophage T4 DNA. He received his Ph.D. in biophysics from the University of Colorado in 1967 with thesis advisor Leonard Lerman; Lerman went in 1967 to Vanderbilt University, where Altman worked briefly as a researcher in molecular biology before leaving for Harvard.
Altman was married to Ann M. Körner (daughter of Stephan Körner) in 1972. They are the parents of two children, Daniel and Leah.  Having lived primarily in the United States since departing Montreal to attend MIT in 1958, Altman became a U.S. citizen in 1984, maintaining dual citizenship as a Canadian citizen as well.
After receiving his Ph.D., Altman embarked upon the first of two research fellowships. He joined Matthew Meselson's laboratory at Harvard University to study a DNA endonuclease involved in the replication and recombination of T4 DNA. Later, at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England, Altman started the work that led to the discovery of RNase P and the enzymatic properties of the RNA subunit of that enzyme. John D. Smith, as well as several postdoctoral colleagues, provided Altman with very good advice that enabled him to test his ideas. "The discovery of the first radiochemically pure precursor to a tRNA molecule enabled me to get a job as an assistant professor at Yale University in 1971, a difficult time to get any job at all".
While at Yale, Altman's Nobel Prize work came with the analysis of the catalytic properties of the ribozyme RNase P, a ribonucleoprotein particle consisting of both a structural RNA molecule and one (in prokaryotes) or more proteins.

     Sir Frederick Grant Banting 

Sir Frederick Grant Banting, KBE, MC, FRS, FRSC (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, painter and Nobel laureate noted as the first person that used insulin on humans.

In 1923 Banting and John James Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Banting shared the award money with his colleague, Dr. Charles Best. As of September 2011, Banting, who received the Nobel Prize at age 32, remains the youngest Nobel laureate in the area of Physiology/Medicine. The Canadian government gave him a lifetime annuity to work on his research. In 1934 he was knighted by King George V. In 2004, Frederick Banting was voted fourth place on The Greatest Canadian.
Frederick Grant Banting  was born in Alliston (Ontario, Canada) on 14 November 1891. He was the youngest of five children of William Thompson Banting and Margaret Grant. He completed his studies in Alliston. It began theology at the University of Toronto, which soon changed medicine. He graduated in 1916.
He was part of the Canadian Army Medical Corps and participated in the First World War in France. After the end of the war, in 1919, he returned to Canada.
He earned his doctorate in 1922. Soon he was already very interested in diabetes. Since the late nineteenth century scientists had noticed the relationship between the pancreas and diabetes. Some studies indicated that the disease was caused by a deficiency of a hormone secreted by the islets of Langerhans.Schafer called it "insulin" and supposedly exercised control over sugar metabolism, so that their absence caused this increase in blood and urine.He got in touch with J.J.R. Macleod, professor of physiology at the University of Toronto, who facilitated it necessary to investigate in his laboratory.In August 1921 they administered insulin from the islets of Langerhans in diabetic dogs descended checking sugar levels in blood and urine disappeared and the typical symptoms of the disease.Banting and Macleod received the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1923.In 1930, the Canadian Parliament granted aid to Banting for the installation of a research laboratory and he was made an honorary doctor of Toronto General Hospital.
During the Second World War he was head of the medical section of the National Research Council of Canada.In 1941 he died victim of a plane crash in Newfoundland.

     Willard S. Boyle 

Williard Sterling Boyle (August 19, 1924 – May 7, 2011) was a Canadian-American physicist,  pioneer in the field of laser technology and co-inventor of the charge-coupled device. On October 6, 2009, it was announced that he would share the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for "the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit—the CCD sensor, which has become an electronic eye in almost all areas of photography".
After receiving his doctorate, Boyle spent one year at Canada's Radiation Lab and two years teaching physics at the Royal Military College of Canada. In 1953 Boyle joined Bell Labswhere he invented the first continuously operating ruby laser with Don Nelson in 1962, and was named on the first patent for a semiconductor injection laser. He was made director of Space Science and Exploratory Studies at the Bell Labs subsidiary Bellcomm in 1962, providing support for the Apollo space program and helping to select lunar landing sites. He returned to Bell Labs in 1964, working on the development of integrated circuits.
In 1969, Boyle and George E. Smith invented the charge-coupled device (CCD), for which they have jointly received the Franklin Institute's Stuart Ballantine Medal in 1973, the 1974 IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award, the 2006 Charles Stark Draper Prize, and the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics. However, Eugene Gordon and Mike Tompsett, two now-retired colleagues from Bell labs, claim that its application to photography was not invented by Boyle. The CCD allowed NASA to send clear pictures to Earth back from space. It is also the technology that powers many digital cameras today. Smith said of their invention: "After making the first couple of imaging devices, we knew for certain that chemistry photography was dead." Boyle was Executive Director of Research for Bell Labs from 1975 until his retirement in 1979. In retirement, he split his time between Halifax and Wallace, Nova Scotia. In Wallace, he helped launch an art gallery with his wife Betty, a landscape artist. He was married to Betty since 1947, and had four children, 10 grandchildren and one great-grandchild. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada — the award's highest level — on June 30, 2010. In his later years, Boyle suffered from kidney disease, and due to complications from this disease, died in a hospital in Wallace on May 7, 2011.

     Gerhard Heinrich Friedrich Otto Julius Herzberg.

Gerhard Heinrich Friedrich Otto Julius Herzberg, PC CC FRSC FRS (December 25, 1904 – March 3, 1999) was a German-Canadian pioneering physicist and physical chemist, who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1971, "for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals". Herzberg's main work concerned atomic and molecular spectroscopy. He is well known for using these techniques that determine the structures of diatomic and polyatomic molecules, including free radicals which are difficult to investigate in any other way, and for the chemical analysis of astronomical objects. Herzberg served as Chancellor of Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada from 1973 to 1980.
Initially, Herzberg considered a career in astronomy, but his application to the Hamburg Observatory was returned advising him not to pursue a career in the field without private financial support.  After completing high school, Herzberg continued his education at Darmstadt University of Technology with the help of a private scholarship. Herzberg completed his Dr.-Ing. degree under Hans Rau in 1928.
Herzberg's most significant award was the 1971 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which he was awarded "for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals". During the presentation speech, it was noted that at the time of the award, Herzberg was "generally considered to be the world's foremost molecular spectroscopist."
Herzberg was honoured with memberships or fellowships by a very large number of scientific societies, received many awards and honorary degrees in different countries.The NSERC Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, Canada's highest research award, was named in his honour in 2000. The Canadian Association of Physicists also has an annual award named in his honour. The Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics is named for him. He was made a member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science. Asteroid 3316 Herzberg is named after him. In 1964 he was awarded the Frederic Ives Medal by the OSA. At Carleton University, there is a building named after him that belongs to the Physics and Mathematics/Statistics Departments, Herzberg Laboratories.


     Saul Bellow

Saul Bellow (10 June 1915 – 5 April 2005) was a Canadian-born and American writer. For his literary contributions, Bellow was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, the Nobel Prize for Literature, and the National Medal of Arts. He is the only writer to win the National Book Award for Fiction three times and he received the Foundation's lifetime Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters in 1990.
He was born 10th, june of 1915 in Quebec, inside a jewish family, when he was only nine his family, which was from rusa, moved to Chicago. He participated in the 2nd mundial war as a soldier, studied in Northwestern University and finally he was teacher in Chicago University. He was married five times and he is considered one of the most influential writers in the XX century.
“Dangling Man” (Written in 1944) was his first novel, into this we can see how a young man is worried about the idea that he can be mobilized to the war in every moment. After this he was awarded with the Guggenheim Grant, and because of this he could travel around Europe, where he was influenced by many cultural movements, for example: picaroon novel. One of his most used topics can be the modern humanity threatened with lost her identity but not destroyed spiritually yet, some books with this topic can be “Carpe Diem”,”Henderson the Rain King”; both awarded with the National Book Award (USA). Then  he wrote “Humboldt’s legacy” considered one f the best novels during XX century and awarded with Pulitzer prize and with the Nobel Prize.

     Alice Munro 

Alice Ann Munro Was born in wingham, Ontario, Canada she is a canadian narrator and one of the best actually writers in English. In 2013 was awarded with the Nobel Prize. She first lived in his father’s farm during an economical crisis, this will be one of the most important influences for her.
When she was studying at Western Ontario University had to work as a waitress, a tobacco picker, and a library clerk to pay her university studies. She met James Munro, they got married and moved to Ontario. After she had divorced she got married with Gerald Fleming and She has become a writer.

Munro's highly acclaimed first collection of stories, Dance of the Happy Shades (1968), won the Governor General's Award, then Canada's highest literary prize. That success was followed by “Lives of Girls and Women” (1971), a collection of interlinked stories. In 1978, Munro's collection of interlinked stories “Who Do You Think You Are?” was published (titled “The Beggar Maid: Stories of Flo and Rose in the United States”). This book earned Munro a second Governor General's Literary Award.In 1980 Munro held the position of writer in residence at both the University of British Columbia and the University of Queensland.

Munro has published a short-story collection at least once every four years, most recently in 2001, 2004, 2006, 2009, and 2012. First versions of Munro's stories have appeared in journals such as The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, Grand Street, Harper's Magazine, Mademoiselle, and The Paris Review. Her collections have been translated into thirteen languages.On 10 October 2013, Munro was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, cited as a "master of the contemporary short story". She is the first Canadian and the 13th woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature.

     Margaret Atwood

Margaret Eleanor Atwood, (born November 18, 1939) is a Canadian poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist, and environmental activist. She is a winner of the Arthur C. Clarke Award and Prince of Asturias Award for Literature, has also won the Booker Prize five times. In 2001 she was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. She is also a founder of the Writers' Trust of Canada, a non-profit literary organization that seeks to encourage Canada's writing community. Among innumerable contributions to Canadian literature, she was a founding trustee of the Griffin Poetry Prize.
Atwood is also the inventor, and developer, of the LongPen and associated technologies that facilitate the remote robotic writing of documents. She is the Co-Founder and a Director of Syngrafii Inc.However she is best known for her work as a novelist, she has also published fifteen books of poetry. Many of her poems have been inspired by myths and fairy tales. Atwood has published short stories in Alphabet, Harper's, CBC Anthology, Ms., Saturday Night, and many other magazines. She has also published four collections of stories and three collections of unclassifiable short prose works.
She formed a relationship with fellow novelist Graeme Gibson, after they moved to a farm near Alliston, Ontario, where their daughter Eleanor Jess Atwood Gibson was born in 1976.The family returned to Toronto in 1980.
Margaret Atwood is the author of more than forty volumes of poetry, children’s literature, fiction, and non-fiction, but is best known for her novels, which include The Edible Woman (1969), The Handmaid’s Tale (1985), The Robber Bride (1994), Alias Grace (1996), and The Blind Assassin, which won the prestigious Booker Prize in 2000. Her latest work is a book of short stories called Stone Mattress: Nine Tales (2014). Her newest novel, MaddAddam (2013),is the final volume in a three-book series that began with the Man-Booker prize-nominated Oryx and Crake (2003) and continued with The Year of the Flood (2009).


Robert Bruce Ford (born May 28, 1969) is a Canadian politician and businessperson and is currently a Toronto City Councillor. He was Mayor of Toronto, Ontario, from 2010 to 2014. Prior to being mayor, Ford was a city councillor. He was first elected to City Council in the 2000 Toronto municipal election, and was re-elected to his council seat twice. At first discounted as a potential mayor, Ford was elected mayor in 2010.
During his political career, Ford has been the subject of a number of personal and work-related controversies and legal proceedings, including a conflict of interest trial that nearly resulted in his being removed from office. In 2013, he became embroiled in a substance abuse scandal which was widely reported in the national and international media.Ford initially denied the allegations, but after a 2013 Toronto Police Service gang investigation led to police discovering videos of Ford, he admitted to all of the incidents, including public drunkenness, drinking and driving, and illegal drug use. Ford admitted to smoking crack cocaine "probably in one of my drunken stupors”.
Following his admission, Ford refused to resign. Not allowed by law to remove Ford from office, Toronto City Council voted to remove certain mayoral powers from Ford and grant them to Deputy Mayor Norm Kelly for the remainder of Ford's term. Council also voted to reduce Ford's office staff and move those staff to Kelly's office.Despite the scandal, Ford promised to "continue doing the job he was elected to do" and contest the next mayoral election, scheduled for October 2014. On January 2, 2014, Ford registered to run for re-election. From May 1 through June 30, 2014, Ford took a leave of absence from his position as Mayor and from his campaign for re-election to enter drug rehabilitation. After being hospitalized and diagnosed with an abdominal tumour in September 2014, Ford withdrew from the mayoral race and registered instead to run for his old seat on the City Council.[